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John Muir

Scottish naturalist, campaigner for the preservation of natural environments, environmentalist, geologist and botanist, John Muir wrote articles popularizing the Yosemite Valley and increased scientific interest in it.
 
He was born in Dunbar, Sctland, in 1838, and emigrated with his parents to the USA. Link to John Muirs Birthplace

He theorized that it's major landforms were created by large alpine glaciers and worked against established scientific trends of the time he wrote scientific papers on the area's biology. He stated that overgrazing of meadows and logging were damaging it. He became an advocate for further protection for the Yosemite Valley and convinced influential guests of the importance of putting the 
area under federal protection. Muir lobbied Congress for an Act to create Yosemite National Park, which came into force on October 1, 1890. By persuasion, Muir helped to eliminate  grazing from the Yosemite high country.
  
John Muir founded the Sierra Club which lobbied government and influential people for the creation of a unified Yosemite National Park.

 In May 1903, President Theodore Roosevelt camped with Muir near Glacier Point for three days and Muir convinced Roosevelt to take control of Yosemite Valley and Mariposa Grove away from California and return it to the federal government. In 1906, Roosevelt signed a bill that did.
 
The John Muir Trust is a UK charity dedicated to the protection of wild land for both nature and people. John Muir inspired the name and ethos, as the first person to call for action to be taken to protect wild land, and an instrumental figure in the modern conservation movement.        
 
 
 
 
Use these linkes to download John Muir's books for free: Steep Trails The Yosemite

 

If you interested in exploring and protecting the wild places of the earth, or promoting responsible use of the earth's resources, or education to protect and restore the quality of the natural environment, and would like to join the hundreds of thousands supporting the protection of treasured wild places. Click here.